Historia Judía no tradicional
The Theory of THE CLASS PEOPLE, with which Abrahan Leon, closely linked to Marxist dogmatism, has been a guiding element in the theoretical raming in which Enrique J. Dunayevich has undertaken his work. There is no doubt that the choice of that name has not been particularly lucky. In her short life, Abraham Leon, a Polish Jewish refugee in Belgium who died in Auswitch 26 years old not imagined that with that name his theory would have the simplistic interpretation that Jews have been a people exclusively, or even primarily of traders. From already, and by far this was not the theory of the ill-fated A. Leon.
The fact is that no one can deny that trade has had a major stake in the history of the Jews through the centuries; a finding that does not imply that trade was the only activity, nor that of the majority of the Jewish. That not all Jews were merchants or had activities related to commerce, like collect taxes or lend money. And commerce was not their exclusivity. But even though only few were involved with it, they were in positions that established a difference and sometimes privileges in the society where they lived in different ages and contexts. Emphasizing this fact, allowed the author to examine without prejudice or preconceptions the diverse situations the Jews went through, without recurring to fatality or the unexplained.
The development of Jewish culture and its close ties with commerce does not have a simple answer. It is a complex web of religious, political, and economic developments that began long before the modern market economy. Particularly, as regards when and why Jews got involved in trading.
Most scholars have used the Bible as a primary source for the examination of ancient Jewish history; they are using a text that, at best, can reflect some valid historic situations. To clear the Bible’s factual inaccuracies, what has long been needed is a comprehensive examination of additional extra–biblical documents, archeological discoveries and non-traditional research. In his research, the author could find new meaning in the work of traditional scholars.
Enrique J. Dunayevich has produced a most comprehensive study of the history of the Jews ever recorded. Using varied resources to paint a clear portrait of the complex factors that have formed the Jewish cultural heritage, his cogent analysis ties together the crucial elements that formed their path.
Highlighting the characteristics of the evolution of Judeo-Israelites in the geographical context of the Near East, the influence of their connection with Phoenician-Canaanites and their dependence on the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Egyptian Empires, Dunayevich more clearly defines their history as well as: